Peregrine falcon

The peregrine falcon is known for its hunting speed, which after gaining height can reach up to 200 mph. This falcon hunts smaller birds by ‘punching’ the birds during a dive with its tightly clenched talons. It is also a swift and agile bird, adept at chasing prey and able to adapt its hunting technique to different species. Peregrine falcons are blue-grey in colour, with a white face, black moustache and a speckled chest. They pair for life and nest on rocky ledges, such as cliffs or quarries.

All year round

Throughout Scotland

Kestrel

Kestrel

Falco tinnunculus

A familiar sight with its pointed wings and long tail, hovering beside a roadside verge. Numbers of kestrels declined in the 1970s, probably as a result of changes in farming and so it is included on the Amber List. They have adapted readily to man-made e...

Goshawk

Goshawk

Accipiter gentilis

A large hawk, almost reaching buzzard size. When seen close to it has a fierce expression with bright red eyes and a distinctive white eyebrow. Its broad wings enable it to hunt at high speed, weaving in and out of trees, and its long legs and talons...