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Arctic charr

This is a small member of the salmon family with dark green/blue upper parts and light speckled flanks. The rich orange coloured underbelly, pectoral and anal fins and half of the tail distinguish the males. Females have lighter blue under parts.

These fish are more visible at the spawning time in the winter between October and March. Adults spend most of their life in deep water in the dark peaty waters of lochs and are not seen.

This fish is found throughout Scotland in large water deep lochs. They need very clean water to survive. Arctic char living in Scotland do not migrate to sea as part of their lifecycle.

This fish is highly adapted to live in cold deep water and will be affected by climate change in the future as it is thought to be a relict species from the end of the last Ice Age.